German Contact Help Login Register

Phalanges of the foot Ossa digitorum

English synonyms: Phalanges
Latin synonyms: Phalanges

The phalanges of the foot are long bones located distal to the metatarsals. These phalanges are much shorter than their counterparts in the hand. The hallux, or big toe, consists of two phalanges, a proximal and a distal one. The other four toes consist of three phalanges: the proximal, middle and distal phalanges. Occasionally, there are only two phalanges in the little toe. Each phalanx (singular) consists of three parts: a proximal base, a shaft and a distal head. The phalanges are involved in three hinge joints: the metatarsophalangeal joints, the proximal interphalangeal joints and the distal interphalangeal joints. The metatarsophalangeal joints are formed by the articulation of the heads of the metatarsals with the bases of the proximal phalanges. The proximal interphalangeal joints are formed by the articulations between the heads of the proximal phalanges with the bases of the middle phalanges. The heads of the middle phalanges articulate with the bases of the distal phalanges to form the distal interphalangeal joints. These hinge joints allow flexion and extension.

Continue your learning

Articles for further reading
Well done!

Want to use this image on your blog, your next presentation or a book? Looking for custom medical illustrations?

Contact us.

© All illustrations are exclusive property of kenHub GmbH, and are protected by German and international copyright laws. All rights reserved.

Create your free account.
Start learning anatomy in less than 60 seconds.