EN | DE | PT | ES Get help How to study Login Register

Blood supply of the male pelvis: want to learn more about it?

Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster.

What do you prefer to learn with?

“I would honestly say that Kenhub cut my study time in half.” – Read more. Kim Bengochea Kim Bengochea, Regis University, Denver

Blood supply of the male pelvis

Learning objectives

After completing this study unit you will be able to:

  1. Identify the vascular structures involved in the blood supply of the male pelvis.
  2. Describe the arterial supply of the male pelvis.
  3. Describe the venous drainage of the male pelvis.

Watch videos

The arterial blood supply of the male pelvis stems mainly from the internal and external iliac arteries which originate from the abdominal aorta via the common iliac artery.

The external iliac artery travels anteriorly, inferiorly and laterally in the pelvis giving off two branches before continuing its course to the thigh as the femoral artery: the inferior epigastric and deep circumflex iliac arteries. The internal iliac artery is the main artery of the pelvis and with its branches supplies the walls and viscera of the pelvis, reproductive organs, buttocks and the thigh.

A notable exception are the testes (which are supplied by the testicular artery that arises directly from the abdominal aorta), and the rectum which is largely supplied by the superior [ano]rectal branch of the inferior mesenteric artery.

The venous drainage of the male pelvis generally follows a course similar to its arterial counterparts.

Are you curious to discover more details about the arteries and veins of the male pelvis? Then watch the video below.

Take a quiz

Make your knowledge stick with our quiz below:

Test your knowledge with a broader topic focus and take our custom quiz about the vessels, nerves and lymphatics of the pelvis!

Browse atlas

Summary

Key points about the blood supply of the male pelvis
Arteries Internal iliac artery: Supplies pelvic wall and organs, gluteal region and medial compartment of thigh (except for superior part of rectum - supplied via superior [ano]rectal branch of inferior mesenteric artery)

Branches:
- Posterior division: Iliolumbar, superior gluteal, lateral sacral arteries
- Anterior division: Obturator, umbilical, superior and inferior vesical, internal pudendal, middle anorectal and inferior gluteal arteries

External iliac artery:
Supplies lower limb, muscles and skin of the lower abdominal wall

Branches: inferior epigastric, deep circumflex iliac arteries

Others:
Superior anorectal artery (from inferior mesenteric artery), testicular artery (from abdominal aorta)
Veins Most veins drain to: Internal iliac artery → inferior vena cava
Exceptions:

Superior anorectal vein → inferior mesenteric vein
Right/left testicular veins → inferior vena cava/left renal vein

Well done!

Related articles

Continue your learning

Take the next step and learn about the organs and the innervation of the male pelvis:

Register now and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide!