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Upper limb: want to learn more about it?

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Upper limb

Overview

Before we examine the upper limb in detail, let’s take a look at the main bones, muscles, vessels and nerves of the upper limb.
  1. Regions of the upper limb
    Regions of the upper limb seen from anterior and posterior views.
  2. Main bones of the upper limb
    Major bones of the shoulder, arm, forearm, and hand.
  3. Main muscles of the upper limb
    Major muscles of the shoulder, arm, forearm and hand.
  4. Main arteries of the upper limb
    Major arteries of the shoulder, arm, forearm and hand.
  5. Main veins of the upper limb
    Major veins and tributaries that drain the upper limb.
  6. Main nerves of the upper limb
    Major nerves of the shoulder, arm, forearm and hand.

Shoulder and arm

The shoulder is one of the largest joints, connecting the arm to the trunk. The upper arm is mainly defined by the humerus and muscles surrounding it.
  1. Clavicle
    Introduction to the clavicle.
  2. Humerus and scapula
    Bony structures and ligaments of the humerus and scapula.
  3. Glenohumeral (shoulder) joint
    The glenohumeral joint seen from a lateral, anterior and posterior view.
  4. Muscles of the arm and shoulder
    Introduction to the muscles of the arm and shoulder.

Elbow and forearm

The elbow joint is found between the upper arm and the forearm. The forearm is comprised of the radius, ulna and muscles responsible for movements in this area.
  1. Elbow joint
    Introduction to the elbow joint and its main components.
  2. Posterior compartment of the forearm
    Overview of the posterior muscles of the forearm.
  3. Radius and ulna
    Bony structures and ligaments of the radius and ulna.
  4. Anterior compartment of the forearm
    Introduction to the anterior muscles of the forearm.

Wrist and hand

The wrist is an area connecting the forearm to the hand and is mainly defined by the carpal bones. Let's look at the structures found in the wrist and hand.
  1. Bones of the wrist and hand
    Bones and ligaments of the wrist and hand.
  2. Ligaments of the wrist and hand
    Joints and ligaments of the wrist and hand.
  3. Muscles of the hand
    Overview of volar and dorsal muscles of the hand.

Nerves and vessels

Arteries, veins and nerves that supply and innervate the bones and the muscles of the upper limbs.
  1. Brachial plexus
    Introduction to the brachial plexus.
  2. Neurovasculature of the arm and shoulder
    Arteries, veins and nerves of the shoulder and arm.
  3. Neurovasculature of the elbow and forearm
    Arteries, veins and nerves of the elbow and forearm.
  4. Neurovasculature of the hand
    Nerves, arteries and veins of the hand.

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