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Upper Extremity - want to learn more about it?

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Upper Extremity

  1. Shoulder and arm

    The shoulder is one of the largest joints, connecting the arm to the trunk. The upper arm is mainly defined by the humerus and muscles surrounding it. More.
    1. Humerus and scapula
      Bony structures and ligaments of the humerus and scapula.
    2. Shoulder (glenohumeral) joint
      The glenohumeral joint seen from a lateral view.
    3. Muscles of the arm and the shoulder
      Overview of the muscles of the upper arm and shoulder blade.
    4. Muscles of the shoulder
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the muscles of the shoulder.
    5. Rotator cuff muscles
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the rotator cuff muscles.
    6. Muscles of the arm
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the muscles of the arm.
    7. Shoulder and arm
      [60 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the structures found in the shoulder and arm.
  2. Elbow and forearm

    The elbow joint is found between the upper arm and the forearm. The forearm is comprised of the radius, ulna and muscles responsible for movements in this area. More.
    1. Elbow joint
      Elbow joint seen from a lateral and medial view.
    2. Elbow joint sagittal view
      Sagittal view of the elbow showing the humeroulnar joint.
    3. Radius and ulna
      Bony structures and ligaments of the radius and ulna.
    4. Flexors of the forearm
      Overview of the anterior muscles of the forearm.
    5. Extensors of the forearm
      Overview of the posterior muscles of the forearm.
    6. Radial forearm muscles
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the radial muscles of the forearm.
    7. Superficial flexors of the forearm
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the superficial flexors of the forearm.
    8. Deep flexors of the forearm
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the deep flexors of the forearm.
    9. Superficial extensors of the forearm
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the superficial extensors of the forearm.
    10. Deep extensors of the forearm
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the deep flexors of the forearm.
    11. Elbow and forearm
      [70 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the structures found in elbow and forearm.
  3. Wrist and hand

    The wrist is an area connecting the forearm to the hand and is mainly defined by the carpal bones. Let's look at the structures found in the wrist and hand. More.
    1. Bones of the wrist and hand
      Bones and ligaments of the wrist and hand.
    2. Carpal bones
      Carpal bones and their bony structures.
    3. Metacarpal bones
      Metacarpal bones and related bony structures.
    4. Phalanges of the hand
      Phalanges of the hand and related bony structures.
    5. Muscles of the hand
      Overview of volar and dorsal muscles of the hand.
    6. Thenar muscles
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the thenar muscles.
    7. Hypothenar muscles
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the hypothenar muscles.
    8. Metacarpal muscles
      Origins, insertions, innervation and functions of the metacarpal muscles.
    9. Wrist and hand
      [60 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the structures found in the wrist and hand.
  4. Neurovasculature of the upper limb

    Arteries, veins and nerves that supply and innervate the bones and the muscles of the upper limbs. More.
    1. Neurovasculature of the arm and the shoulder
      Arteries, veins and nerves of the shoulder and arm.
    2. Brachial plexus
      Structure of the brachial plexus, including the roots, trunks, cords and branches.
    3. Neurovasculature of the elbow and forearm
      Arteries, veins and nerves of the elbow and forearm.
    4. Neurovasculature of the hand
      Arteries, veins and nerves of the hand.
    5. Neurovasculature of the upper limb
      [70 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the neurovasculature of the upper limb.

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