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Lower extremity - want to learn more about it?

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Lower extremity

Hip and thigh

The framework of the hip and thigh is defined by the bony pelvis and femur. Bones, blood vessels and nerves attach to and pass alongside these bones.
  1. Pelvis
    Anterior, posterior, medial and lateral views of the pelvic bones.
  2. Femur
    Anterior and posterior views of the femur.
  3. Hip joint
    Bones and ligaments that form the hip joint.
  4. Muscles of the hip and thigh
    Overview of the muscles of the hip and thigh.

Knee and leg

The knee joint is found between the thigh and the lower leg. Many structures belong to this area of the body, including the tibia and fibula.
  1. Tibia and fibula
    Bones and ligaments of the tibia and fibula.
  2. Knee joint
    Sagittal view of the knee showing the patellofemoral and tibiofemoral joints.
  3. Muscles of the leg and knee
    Overview of the muscles of the leg and knee.

Ankle and foot

The ankle is a region where the leg and foot meet. Both the ankle and foot are comprised of many structures including bones, muscles, blood vessels and nerves.
  1. Bones of the foot
    Bones and main ligaments of the foot.
  2. Ligaments of the foot
    Ligaments of the foot seen from lateral, medial and plantar views.
  3. Ankle joint
    Bones and ligaments that form the ankle joint.
  4. Calcaneus
    Calcaneus seen from its lateral, medial, inferior and superior views.
  5. Talus
    Talus seen from its lateral, medial, inferior and superior views.
  6. Muscles of the foot
    Overview of the dorsal and plantar muscles of the foot.

Neurovasculature of the lower limb

The lower limbs are comprised of many structures supplied and innervated by arteries, veins and nerves which are found in this region of the body.
  1. Neurovasculature of the hip and the thigh
    Arteries, veins and nerves of the hip and thigh.
  2. Femoral artery and its branches
    Overview of the femoral artery and its branches from an anterior view.
  3. Sciatic nerve and its branches
    Overview of the sciatic nerve and its branches from a posterior view.
  4. Neurovasculature of the leg and knee
    Arteries, veins and nerves of the leg and knee.
  5. Arteries and nerves of the foot
    Overview of the main arteries and nerves of the foot.

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