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Abdomen & Pelvis

  1. Peritoneal cavity

    The peritoneal cavity is a space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum, which are the two membranes that separate the organs from the abdominal wall. More.
    1. Greater omentum
      Overview of the greater omentum and neighbouring abdominal viscera.
    2. Mesentery
      Overview of the mesentery on anterior view of abdomen with greater omentum reflected and small intestine removed.
    3. Peritoneal relations
      Peritoneal cavity as seen in a parasagittal section.
    4. Omental bursa
      Omental bursa in situ with stomach reflected.
    5. Retroperitoneum
      Structures of the posterior wall of the peritoneal cavity.
    6. Structures of the peritoneal cavity
      [184 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, intraperitoneal organs and more details related to the peritoneal cavity.
  2. Stomach

    The stomach is an organ found in the upper abdomen and is part of the gastrointestinal tract. The main function of this organ is to produce digestive enzymes. More.
    1. Stomach in situ
      Stomach in situ seen from an anterior view of the abdomen with the liver retracted.
    2. Musculature and mucosa of the stomach
      Overview of the muscular layers and mucosa of the stomach.
    3. Stomach
      [42 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the stomach.
  3. Spleen

    The spleen is found in the upper left part of the abdomen. Its main functions include filtering your blood, creating new blood cells and store platelets. More.
    1. Structure of the spleen
      Overview of the main structures of the spleen.
    2. Spleen
      [51 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the spleen.
  4. Liver

    The liver is a large essential organ found in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen. It is a multifunctional unit that performs such duties as detoxification. More.
    1. Liver in situ
      Liver in situ seen from an anterior view of the abdomen with liver retracted.
    2. Anterior view of the liver
      Structures seen on the anterior view of the isolated liver.
    3. Inferior view of the liver
      Structures seen on the inferior view of the isolated liver.
    4. Posterior view of the liver
      Structures seen on the posterior view of the isolated liver.
    5. Gallbladder
      Gallbladder and neighbouring structures.
    6. Liver
      [100 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the liver.
  5. Pancreas

    The pancreas is an accessory organ of the GI tract whose function is to release substances that help regulate the blood sugar levels as well as digestion. More.
    1. Pancreas in situ
      Pancreas in situ seen from the anterior view.
    2. Pancreatic duct system
      The pancreatic ducts carry digestive enzymes from the pancreas to the duodenum.
    3. Pancreas
      [26 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the pancreas.
  6. Small intestine

    The small intestine is the part of the GI tract between the stomach and large intestine. This structure is divided into 3 parts: duodenum, jejunum and ileum. More.
    1. Duodenum
      Structure of the duodenum, including the mucosa and muscular layers.
    2. Arteries of the small intestine
      Arteries of the small intestine with focus on the superior mesenteric artery.
    3. Veins of the small intestine
      Veins that drain the small intestine.
    4. Innervation of the small intestine
      Nerves of the small intestine seen from an anterior view of the abdomen.
    5. Lymph nodes of the small intestine
      Lymph nodes and vessels of the small intestine and neighbouring structures.
    6. Small intestine
      [59 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography and functions of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum.
  7. Large intestine

    The large intestine is the last part of the GI tract. It functions to absorb water from fecal matter and helps the body get rid of the remaining waste material. More.
    1. Large intestine
      Structure of the large intestine, including the mucosa and musculature.
    2. Rectum and anal canal
      Structures of the rectum and anal canal seen on a coronal section, anterior view of the female pelvis.
    3. Arteries of the large intestine
      Arteries of the large intestine seen from an anterior view, with the jejunum and ileum removed, and transverse colon reflected.
    4. Blood vessels of the rectum
      Arteries and veins of the rectum.
    5. Colon
      [149 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the large intestine.
  8. Kidneys

    The kidneys are a pair of organs shaped like beans and located in the back of the abdomen. The main function of those organs is to filter your blood. More.
    1. Kidneys in situ
      Kidneys in situ seen from the anterior view.
    2. Kidney structure
      Overview of the structure of the kidney seen from the anterior view of the right kidney.
    3. Renal cortex
      Renal cortex and related structures.
    4. Renal arteries
      Arteries of the kidneys seen on the anterior view of the right kidney.
    5. Kidneys
      [86 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more about the kidney.
  9. Ureter

    The ureters are tubes made of smooth muscle fibers that take urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder.. More.
    1. Ureters in situ
      Abdominal and pelvic parts of the ureters and related structures.
    2. Ureter
      [60 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the ureter.
  10. Pelvis

    The pelvis is the lower part of the abdomen and houses the reproductive organs and the end of the digestive tract. All surrounded by pelvic bones and muscles. More.
    1. Muscles of the pelvic floor
      Overview of the muscles that form the pelvic floor.
    2. Superior view of the female pelvis
      Ligaments, vessels and organs of the female pelvis as seen from a superior view
    3. Female pelvic viscera and perineum
      Contents of the female pelvis, including viscera and perineum.
    4. Male pelvic viscera and perineum
      Contents of the male pelvis, including viscera and perineum.
    5. Blood supply of the female pelvis
      Arteries and veins of the female pelvis.
    6. Blood supply of the male pelvis
      Arteries and veins of the male pelvis.
    7. Nerves of the female pelvis
      Innervation of the female pelvis.
    8. Nerves of the male pelvis
      Innervation of the male pelvis.
    9. Lumbar plexus
      The lumbar plexus supplies the abdominal wall, pelvis and lower limb.
    10. Sacral plexus
      The sacral plexus is a nerve plexus which supplies the pelvis and lower limb.
    11. Neurovasculature of the female perineum
      Arteries, veins and nerves of the female perineum.
    12. Pelvis
      [74 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more about the pelvis.
  11. Urinary bladder

    The urinary bladder is a hollow muscular organ responsible for collecting urine coming from the kidneys through the ureters and excreting it via the urethra. More.
    1. Female urinary bladder
      Anterior view of coronal section of the female bladder in the pelvis and pelvic floor.
    2. Male urinary bladder
      Anterior view of coronal section of the male bladder in the pelvis and pelvic floor.
    3. Urinary bladder
      [73 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the urinary bladder.
  12. Female reproductive organs

    The female reproductive system consists of organs specialized in functions like gamete production and nurturing a fertilized egg as it develops into a fetus. More.
    1. Uterus and ovaries
      Structures of the uterus and ovaries seen with uterus straightened.
    2. Uterus and vagina
      Structure of the uterus and vagina seen on an anterior coronal section.
    3. Female perineum
      A surface view of the region between the pubic symphysis and the coccyx.
    4. Female reproductive system
      [59 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, function and more about the female reproductive organs.
  13. Male reproductive organs

    The male reproductive system consists of organs specialized in many functions which include producing, maintaining and transporting sperm and protective fluid. More.
    1. Structure of the penis
      Structure of the penis seen from inferior view.
    2. Penis and male urethra
      Structure of the penis and urethra seen on a longitudinal section.
    3. Scrotum and spermatic cord
      Scrotum and spermatic cord, including the coverings and contents.
    4. Testis and epididymis
      The testes and epididymis are paired male reproductive organs involved in the production, development and storage of sperm.
    5. Male reproductive organs
      [90 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the male reproductive organs.
  14. Blood vessels of abdomen & pelvis

    The abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava are the main blood vessels responsible for supplying the abdomen and pelvis, through their branches and tributaries. More.
    1. Arteries of the stomach, the liver and the spleen
      Arteries which supply the stomach, liver and spleen.
    2. Arteries of the pancreas, the duodenum and the spleen
      Arteries supplying the pancreas, duodenum and spleen.
    3. Hepatic portal vein
      Hepatic portal vein, and veins of the stomach, duodenum, pancreas and spleen - including some of the neighbouring arteries.
    4. Blood vessels of the abdomen and the pelvis
      [60 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the blood supply of the abdomen and pelvis.
  15. Lymphatics of the abdomen and the pelvis

    There are many lymph nodes, vessels and organs responsible for lymph circulation in this area of the body. More.
    1. Lymphatics of the posterior abdominal wall
      Lymph nodes and vessels of the posterior abdominal wall.
    2. Lymphatics of the stomach and the liver
      Lymph nodes and vessels of the stomach and liver.
    3. Lymphatics of the pancreas, the duodenum and the spleen
      Lymph nodes and vessels of the pancreas, spleen and duodenum.
    4. Lymphatics of the urinary organs
      Lymph nodes and vessels of the kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra.
    5. Lymphatics of the male genitalia
      Lymph node and vessels of the male genitalia.
    6. Lymphatics of the abdomen and pelvis
      [60 exam questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, drainage and more details related to the lymph nodes and vessels of the abdomen and pelvis.

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