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Thorax: want to learn more about it?

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Thorax

Thoracic wall

The thoracic wall is comprised mainly of the ribs, the sternum and the thoracic muscles.
  1. Bones of the thoracic cage
    The sternum and the ribs are the bones of the thoracic cage.
  2. Sternum
    Anatomy and major features of the sternum
  3. Ribs
    Main features of the ribs
  4. Muscles of the thoracic wall
    Main muscles found in the thorax.
  5. Neurovasculature of the thoracic wall
    Arteries, veins and nerves of the thoracic wall seen from an anterior and lateral view.
  6. Neurovasculature of the intercostal space
    Arteries, veins, and nerves of the intercostal space

Female breast

The breasts are paired milk-producing organs in the upper ventral sides of the torso. They contain the mammary glands which secrete milk used to feed infants.
  1. Structure of the female breast
    Structures of the female breast seen on a sagittal section and anterolateral view.
  2. Blood vessels of the female breast
    Arteries and veins of the female breast.
  3. Lymphatics of the female breast
    Lymph nodes and vessels of the female breast.

Mediastinum

The mediastinum is found in the midline of the thorax and is surrounded by the left and right pleural sacs. Many structures are found within this area.
  1. Contents of the mediastinum
    Contents of the mediastinum seen from the lateral views.
  2. Lymphatics of the mediastinum
    Lymph nodes and vessels of the mediastinum and thoracic cavity.

Esophagus

The esophagus is a long fibromuscular tube connecting the pharynx with the stomach. Here we will learn the structures that pass alongside and supply this organ.
  1. Esophagus in situ
    Esophagus in situ seen from the anterior view.
  2. Blood supply of the esophagus
    Arteries and veins of the esophagus.
  3. Nerves of the esophagus
    Autonomic innervation of the esophagus.

Lungs

The lungs are two organs found within the chest cavity that are essential to respiration. There are many important structures associated to these organs.
  1. Overveiw of the lungs
    Introduction to the outer surface of the lungs seen from the lateral and medial views.
  2. Medial views of the lungs
    Structures seen on the medial views of the right and left lungs.
  3. Trachea
    Introduction to the trachea.
  4. Bronchial tree and alveoli
    Introduction to the main structures of the bronchial tree.
  5. Lymphatics of the lungs
    Lymph nodes and vessels of the lungs.
  6. Lungs in situ
    Lungs in situ seen from the anterior view.

Heart

The heart is responsible for pumping blood all over your body. It is a vital organ that has a complex structure made of cardiac tissue and embedded vessels.
  1. Heart in situ
    Heart in situ seen from the anterior view.
  2. Anterior view of the heart
    Structures seen on the anterior view of the heart.
  3. Posteroinferior view of the heart
    Structures seen on the posteroinferior view of the heart.
  4. Right atrium and ventricle
    Structures of the right atrium and ventricle.
  5. Left atrium and ventricle
    Structures of the left atrium and ventricle.
  6. Heart valves
    Overview of the heart valves and related structures.
  7. Coronary arteries and cardiac veins
    Introduction to the coronary arteries and cardiac veins.
  8. Nerves of the heart
    Autonomic innervation of the heart seen on the anterior view of open thorax.
  9. Lymphatics of the heart
    Lymphatic drainage of the heart.

Diaphragm

The diaphragm is a muscle residing within the trunk and separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities. Many structures pass through it, including blood vessels.
  1. Thoracic surface of the diaphragm
    Structures seen on the thoracic surface of the diaphragm.
  2. Abdominal surface of the diaphragm
    Structures seen on the abdominal surface of the diaphragm.

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