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Spine and back: want to learn more about it?

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Spine and back


The back consists of the posterior aspect of the body and includes the vertebral column. Let’s start with some basic concepts about the back and the spine.
  1. Regions of the back and buttocks
    Regions of the back and buttocks seen from a posterior view.
  2. Vertebral column
    Introduction to the vertebral column.


The spine (or vertebral column) is a bony structure providing the main support within the axial skeleton. Learn below the anatomy of the spine.
  1. Cervical spine
    An overview of the bony structure, joints and associated ligaments of the cervical spine
  2. Thoracic and lumbar spines
    Bones and ligaments of the thoracic and lumbar spines.
  3. Sacrum and coccyx
    Bony structures and ligaments of the sacrum and coccyx.
  4. Craniovertebral joints and ligaments
    An overview of the joints and ligaments of the craniovertebral region
  5. Veins of the vertebral column
    An overview of the venous drainage of the vertebral column.


The dorsal trunk is a group structures, including bones and muscles, which define the back. Those structures comprise the dorsal walls of the abdomen and thorax.
  1. Costovertebral joints
    Joints between the ribs and vertebrae.
  2. Superficial muscles of the back
    Concise overview of the superficial muscle of the back.
  3. Deep muscles of the back
    Introduction and overview of the deep muscles of the back.
  4. Neurovasculature of the back
    An overview of the nerves and vessels of the back and posterior neck.
  5. Arteries of the sacrum
    Arteries of the sacrum from an anterior view.

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