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Trunk Wall

Vertebral column

The vertebral column is a bony structure providing the main support within the axial skeleton. It is further divided into sections which will be discussed here. More.
  1. Vertebral column
    Anterior and lateral views of the bones that form the vertebral column.
  2. Cervical spine
    Bones and ligaments of the cervical spine.
  3. Thoracic and lumbar spines
    Bones and ligaments of the thoracic and lumbar spines.
  4. Sacrum and coccyx
    Bony structures and ligaments of the sacrum and coccyx.
  5. Craniovertebral ligaments
    Ligaments connecting the skull to the vertebrae.
  6. Veins of the vertebral column
    Overview of the veins of the vertebral column and the vertebral canal.
  7. Veins of the isolated vertebra
    Veins of the vertebra as seen from a superior view

Dorsal trunk

The dorsal trunk is a group structures, including bones and muscles, which define the back. Those structures comprise the dorsal walls of the abdomen and thorax. More.
  1. Bones of the dorsal trunk
    The most important bones and bony structures of the dorsal trunk.
  2. Costovertebral joints
    The joints between the ribs and the vertebrae.
  3. Neurovasculature of the dorsal trunk
    Arteries, veins and nerves of the dorsal trunk.
  4. Superficial muscles of the back
    Overview of the superficial muscles of the back.
  5. Deep muscles of the back
    Overview of the intrinsic muscles of the back.
  6. Arteries and veins of the back - lateral view
    Blood vessels of the back from a lateral view
  7. Arteries of the sacrum
    Arteries of the sacrum from an anterior view.
  8. Arteries and nerves of the back - superolateral view
    Main arteries and nerves of the back

Ventral trunk

The ventral trunk is a group structures, including bones and muscles, which define the chest and belly, known in technical terms as the thorax and and abdomen. More.
  1. Bones of the ventral trunk
    The most important bones and bony structures of the ventral trunk.
  2. Sternum
    Bony elements of the sternum
  3. Ribs
    Main features of the ribs
  4. Clavicle
    Structure of the clavicle seen from anterior, inferior and superior views.
  5. Muscles of the ventral trunk
    Overview of the muscles of the ventral trunk.
  6. Neurovasculature of the ventral trunk
    Arteries, vein and nerves of the ventral trunk.
  7. Inguinal canal
    Structure of the inguinal canal and femoral sheath.

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