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Introduction to cells and tissues

Cells are the building blocks of the Human body. They work together to form what we know as tissues, the main focus in histology.
  1. Cells and tissues
    Overview of the main cellular components and tissues.
  2. Eukaryotic cell
    Overview of the cell and its contents.

Epithelial tissue

Epithelia are cellular sheets that line the cavities of organs and cover the body surface. Learn here the histological features of the epithelial tissue.
  1. Surface epithelium
    Structures and types of surface epithelia.
  2. Stratified epithelium
    Structures and types of stratified epithelia.
  3. Glandular epithelium
    Overview of the intraepithelial glands and related structures.

Connective tissue

The connective tissue connects the other tissues of the body and provides structural and metabolic support for other tissues and organs.
  1. Loose connective tissue
    Different types of loose connective tissue and related structures.
  2. Dense connective tissue
    Overview of the dense connective tissue.
  3. Reticular connective tissue
    Appearance and features of the reticular connective tissue.

Nervous tissue

The neurons and the glial cells are the main components of the Central and the Peripheral Nervous System.
  1. Neurons
    Take a look at the structure and classification of neurons, the basic building blocks of the nervous system, under the microscope.
  2. Neurons: Structure and types
    Basic neuron types and the structure of a neuron.
  3. Peripheral nerves
    Histological appearance of the peripheral nerves
  4. Ganglia of the nervous system
    Group of neurons organised and located outside the central nervous system.

Muscle tissue

The muscle tissue contracts in order to produce movement of the body parts. There are three types: skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscle tissue.
  1. Skeletal muscle tissue
    This type of tissue is found in the skeletal muscles and is responsible for the voluntary movements of the bones.
  2. Smooth muscle
    Smooth muscle tissue forms part of the wall of blood vessels and hollow internal organs, such as the stomach, intestine etc.
  3. Cardiac muscle
    Cardiac muscle tissue is found in the myocardium and is responsible for the contraction of the heart.

Cartilage and bone

In this chapter we will explore the histological features of bones and cartilages which are special forms of connective tissue.
  1. Fibrocartilage
    Fibrocartilage is a variety of cartilage that contains visible type I collagen fibers.
  2. Hyaline cartilage
    This type of cartilage has a glassy appearance.
  3. Elastic cartilage
    Elastic cartilage is characterized by the presence of abundant elastic fibers.
  4. Bone tissue
    Bone is the basic unit of the human skeletal system.
  5. Bone tissue formation
    Histological appearance of the bone tissue formation

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