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Tibial plateau

Recommended video: Tibia and fibula [21:57]
Bones and joints of the lower leg.

The tibial plateau is the proximal tibial surface, comprised of medial and lateral articular surfaces of the respective tibial condyles. It is lined by hyaline cartilage and serves to articulate with the femoral condyles within the tibiofemoral joint. Separating the two articular surfaces of the tibial plateau is a bony protuberance called the intercondylar eminence. The medial articular surface is more oval shaped, whilst the lateral articular surface is more circular.

As the surfaces of the tibial plateau are relatively flat in comparison to the concavity of the distal femoral condyles, the medial and lateral menisci are located on top of, and attached to, the tibial plateau to improve its congruity. The anterior cruciate ligament also attaches to the anterior part of the plateau, between the attachments of the menisci. 

Terminology English: Tibial plateau
Latin: Planum tibiae
Location Proximal tibial surface: medial and lateral articular surfaces
Function Forms the tibial articular surface of the tibiofemoral joint

Learn more about the tibia with the following study unit:

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