After working through this study unit you will be able to:
- Describe all the anatomical landmarks of the femur.
- Understand the articulations that the femur forms with the bones of the hip and leg.
The femur is the longest and strongest bone of the human body. It comprises the core of the thigh and articulates at two major body joints: the hip joint and the knee joint. The majority of the muscles of the hip and thigh attach to the femur in order to produce the movements on these joints.
This video tutorial will describe the anatomy and function of the femur.
For a broader overview that includes the hip bone as well, have a look at this video tutorial.
Take a quiz
Solidify your knowledge and resolve any potential weak spots with the quiz below.
If you would like to challenge yourself even further, try out our fully customizable quiz below on the hip and thigh. You can even save your selections and quiz yourself on it later.
Download the following PDF worksheets and identify the anatomical parts of the femur!
Take a closer look at the anatomical structure of the femur from an anterior view in the gallery below.
Explore the anatomical landmarks of the femur from a posterior perspective next.
|Proximal end||Head of femur, fovea for ligament of head of femur, neck of femur, greater trochanter, trochanteric fossa, lesser trochanter, intertrochanteric line, intertrochanteric crest|
|Shaft||Linea aspera, pectineal line, gluteal tuberosity, popliteal surface, medial supracondylar line, lateral supracondylar line|
|Distal end||Medial condyle: Medial epicondyle, adductor tubercle
Lateral condyle: Lateral epicondyle, groove for popliteus muscle
|Joints||Hip joint, knee joint|