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Femur: want to learn more about it?

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Learning objectives

After working through this study unit you will be able to:

1. Describe all the anatomical landmarks of the femur.
2. Understand the articulations that femur forms with the bones of the hip and leg.

Watch videos

The femur is the longest and strongest bone of the human body. It comprises the core of the thigh and articulates at two major body joints: the hip joint and the knee joint. The majority of the muscles of the hip and thigh attach to the femur in order to produce the movements on these joints.

This video tutorial will describe the anatomy and function of the femur.

For a broader overview that includes the hip bone as well, have a look at this video tutorial:

Take a quiz

Solidify your knowledge and resolve any potential weak spots with our quiz:

For a broader topic focus, try out this fully customizable quiz:

Browse atlas

Solidify your knowledge while going through our atlas galleries.

Anterior view

Posterior view


Key points about femur
Proximal end Head of femur, fovea for ligament of head of femur, neck of femur, greater trochanter, trochanteric fossa, lesser trochanter, intertrochanteric line, intertrochanteric crest
Shaft Linea aspera, pectineal line, gluteal tuberosity, popliteal surface, medial supracondylar line, lateral supracondylar line
Distal end Medial condyle: Medial epicondyle, adductor tubercle
Lateral condyle: Lateral epicondyle, groove for popliteus muscle
Intercondylar fossa
Intercondylar line
Patellar surface
Joints Hip joint, knee joint

Well done!

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Continue your learning

Now that you’re familiar with the femur, progress your learning by studying the hip joint and the bones of the leg.

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