Joints and ligaments of the foot
After completing this study unit you will be able to:
- Identify the main joints of the foot.
- List the main ligaments of the foot.
The foot has a complex structure with many bones and joints which require its numerous ligaments and supporting structures to help stabilize and enable optimal movement of the foot. The ligaments of the foot are categorized according to their associated joints, with each joint of the foot containing two or more ligaments. Conveniently, most ligaments are named according to their position relative to the joint they support e.g., dorsal, plantar and interosseous cuboideonavicular ligaments.
Watch this video for a comprehensive review of all the ligaments of the foot and their associated joints!
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Take a closer look at the joints and ligaments of the foot in the gallery below.
|Talocalcaneal joint||Medial, lateral, posterior, interosseous and anterior talocalcaneal ligaments|
|Talocalcaneo-navicular joint||[Dorsal] talonavicular ligament, plantar calcaneonavicular ligament|
|Calcaneocuboid joint||Calcaneocuboid, dorsal calcaneocuboid, plantar calcaneocuboid, long plantar ligaments|
|Cuboideonavicular joint||Dorsal cuboideonavicular, plantar cuboideonavicular, interosseous cuboideonavicular ligaments|
|Cuneonavicular joint||Dorsal cuneonavicular (3), plantar cuneonavicular (3), medial cuneonavicular ligaments|
|Cuneocuboid joints||Dorsal cuneocuboid, plantar cuneocuboid, interosseous cuneocuboid ligaments|
|Intercuneiform joints||Dorsal (2), interosseous (2) and plantar intercuneiform ligaments (1 or 2)|
|Tarsometatarsal joint||Dorsal and plantar tarsometatarsal, cuneometatarsal interosseous ligaments|
|Intermetatarsal joints||Dorsal, plantar, and interosseous metatarsal ligaments|
|Metatarso-phalangeal joints||Plantar and collateral metatarsophalangeal, deep transverse metatarsal ligaments|
|Interphalangeal joints of foot||Plantar and collateral interphalangeal ligaments|