Main bones of the lower limb: want to learn more about it?
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Main bones of the lower limb
This study unit will help you:
- Learn the main groups of bones of the lower limb.
- Understand the anatomical relations of the bones of the lower limb with each other.
- Identify the main joints that the lower limb bones form with one another.
For didactic purposes we will divide the bones of the lower limb into the following groups:
- The pelvic girdle and thigh, consisting of the hip bone and femur
- The bones of the leg, namely the tibia and fibula
- The bones of the foot, divided into the 7 tarsal bones, 5 metatarsal bones and 14 phalanges
This video tutorial will provide you with an overview of each of the bones of the lower limb.
Take a quiz
Solidify your knowledge by taking our quiz on the bones of the lower limb.
To adjust your focus and choose the topics you’ll get quizzed on, try out our customizable quiz.
Examine the bones of the lower limb one by one in the atlas gallery below.
Now let's take a look at the main joints of the lower limb.
|Pelvic girdle and thigh||Hip bone (ilium, ischium and pubis), femur, patella
|Leg||Tibia and fibula|
Tarsal bones: Calcaneus, talus, navicular bone, cuboid, medial cuneiform, intermediate cuneiform, lateral cuneiform
Metatarsal bones: 1-5
Phalanges: Proximal (5), middle (4), distal (5)
|Main joints||Sacroiliac joint, pubic symphysis, hip joint, knee joint, superior tibiofibular joint, ankle joint, intertarsal joints, tarsometatarsal joints, metatarsophalangeal joints, interphalangeal joints of foot|
Continue your learning
Now that you have a good understanding of the bones of the lower limb, let's take a look at the muscles and arteries of the lower limb.