Main bones of the lower limb
After completing this study unit you will be able to:
- List the main groups of bones of the lower limb.
- Understand the anatomical relations of the bones of the lower limb with each other.
- Identify the main joints that the lower limb bones form with one another.
For didactic purposes we will divide the bones of the lower limb into the following groups:
- Pelvic girdle and thigh, consisting of the hip bone and femur
- Bones of the leg, namely the tibia and fibula
- Bones of the foot, divided into the 7 tarsal bones, 5 metatarsal bones and 14 phalanges
This video tutorial will provide you with an overview of each of the bones of the lower limb.
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Examine the bones of the lower limb one by one in the atlas gallery below.
Now let's take a look at the main joints of the lower limb.
|Pelvic girdle and thigh||Hip bone (ilium, ischium and pubis), femur, patella
|Leg||Tibia and fibula|
Tarsal bones: Calcaneus, talus, navicular bone, cuboid, medial cuneiform, intermediate cuneiform, lateral cuneiform
Metatarsal bones: 1-5
Phalanges: Proximal (5), middle (4), distal (5)
|Main joints||Sacroiliac joint, pubic symphysis, hip joint, knee joint, superior tibiofibular joint, ankle joint, intertarsal joints, tarsometatarsal joints, metatarsophalangeal joints, interphalangeal joints of foot|
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