Main muscles of the head and neck: want to learn more about it?
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Main muscles of the head and neck
This study unit will help you to:
1. Learn the major groups of the muscles of the head and neck
2. Understand the anatomical relationships between those muscles
According to their functions, the muscles of the head are divided into two main groups; muscles of facial expression and muscles of mastication. The former allow us to express our feelings by producing a myriad of facial expressions, while the latter act on the temporomandibular joint to allow us to chew food.
The muscles of the neck, however, are divided by their location relative to the vertebral column. They are distributed into three compartments; the anterior, lateral and posterior. These muscles produce the movements of the cervical spine (neck) and allow our head to move in various directions.
This video tutorial will introduce you to the main muscles of the head and neck and prepare you for the next steps in your learning path of this topic.
For a more detailed approach, check out the videos below:
Take a quiz
Take our quiz to solidify your knowledge of the head and neck muscles.
To adjust your focus and choose your own topics to get quizzed on, try out our customizable quiz:
Review the anatomy of each muscle with our atlas gallery.
Muscles of the head
Muscles of the neck
|Masticatory muscles||Temporalis, masseter, medial pterygoid, lateral pterygoid muscles|
|Muscles of facial expression||Occipitofrontalis, orbicularis oculi, corrugator supercilii, procerus, nasalis, orbicularis oris, levator labii superioris, zygomaticus minor, buccinator, zygomaticus major, levator anguli oris, risorius, depressor anguli oris, depressor labii inferioris, mentalis, platysma|
|Anterior muscles of the neck||
Superficial muscles: Platysma, sternocleidomastoid
Suprahyoid muscles: Digastric, mylohyoid, geniohyoid, stylohyoid
Infrahyoid muscles: Sternohyoid, sternothyroid, thyrohyoid, omohyoid
Anterior vertebral muscles: Rectus capitis, longus capitis, longus colli
|Lateral muscles of the neck||Anterior, middle, posterior scalene muscles|
|Posterior muscles of the neck||Trapezius, splenius capitis, splenius cervicis, semispinalis capitis, semispinalis cervicis, rectus capitis posterior major, rectus capitis posterior minor, obliquus capitis superior, obliquus capitis inferior|
Continue your learning
Now that you’ve gotten familiar with the main muscle groups, continue your learning with the muscles of mastication and muscles of facial expression: