Connection lost. Please refresh the page.
Get help How to study Login Register

Humerus and scapula

Learning objective

After completing this study unit you will be able to:

  1. Describe the parts, surfaces and landmarks of the humerus and scapula in detail.
  2. Give a general overview of the glenohumeral (shoulder) joint.
  3. List and describe the ligaments that hold the humerus and scapula in place.

Watch videos

The humerus is a long bone that comprises the bony framework of the arm, while the scapula is a flat bone of the pectoral girdle. The humerus and scapula articulate with each other to form the glenohumeral (shoulder) joint, which is the most mobile joint of the body. Both bones are held together via several ligaments and muscle tendons.

This video tutorial will help you to learn everything about the anatomy of the humerus and scapula.

Alternatively, you can approach each bone individually with these videos:

Take a quiz

Solidify your knowledge with our quiz.

For a broader topic focus, try out this fully customizable quiz:

Learn the parts of the humerus and scapula with the following PDF worksheets.


Browse atlas

Analyze this topic in depth with our atlas galleries.


Key points about the humerus
Proximal end Head of humerus
Anatomical neck 
Surgical neck
Greater tubercle
Lesser tubercle
Intertubercular sulcus (crest of greater tubercle, crest of lesser tubercle)
Body Surfaces: Anteromedial, anterolateral, posterior
Anterior, lateral, posterior
Lateral supracondylar ridge, medial supracondylar ridge, radial groove, supracondylar process
Distal end Lateral epicondyle
Medial epicondyle (groove for ulnar nerve)
Condyle of humerus: Capitulum, trochlea, olecranon fossa, coronoid fossa, radial fossa
Key points about the scapula
Surfaces Costal surface: Subscapular fossa
Posterior surface:
Spine of scapula, deltoid tubercle, spinoglenoid notch, supraspinous fossa, infraspinous fossa, acromion
Borders Medial border
Lateral border
Superior border: Scapular notch, coracoid process
Angles Superior angle
Inferior angle
Lateral angle: Glenoid fossa, supraglenoid tubercle, infraglenoid tubercle, neck of scapula

Well done!

Related articles

Continue your learning

Register now and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide!