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Recommended video: Directional terms and body planes [10:35]
Locating structures in your body is one of the main components of anatomy. Learn all terms used to describe location in the human body.

Central is a directional term that describes a structure situated at or near the midpoint of another structure. The opposite term of central is peripheral, which pertains to a structure that is away from the center.

The most obvious example is the central nervous system, that passes along the central axis of the body, while the peripheral nervous system passes laterally, away from the central axis of the body.

Terminology English: Central
Latin: Centralis
Examples Central nervous system, central tendon of diaphragm

Learn more about anatomical terminology in this study unit:

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