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Coracohumeral ligament

Recommended video: Shoulder joint [22:04]
Bones, ligaments, muscles and movements of the shoulder joint.

The coracohumeral ligament is a strong intrinsic ligament of the glenohumeral joint complex. It spans from the base of the coracoid process of the scapula as two bands which insert to the greater and lesser tubercles of the humerus. A part of the coracohumeral ligament creates a tunnel for the tendon of the biceps brachii, while it also blends with the superior glenohumeral ligament inferiorly. 

The coracohumeral ligament strengthens the glenohumeral joint capsule superiorly and tightens during external rotation of the humerus, limiting excessive external rotation as well as inferior translation of the humerus. 

Terminology English: Coracohumeral ligament
Latin: Ligamentum coracohumerale
Attachments Coracoid process -> greater and lesser tubercles of humerus
Function Strengthens glenohumeral joint superiorly, limits excessive external rotation and inferior translation of humerus

Learn more about the ligaments of the shoulder joint complex with this study unit (and article):

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