Rectus capitis anterior muscle
This short strap muscle belongs to the group of anterior vertebral muscles together with the longus colli, longus capitis and rectus capitis lateralis muscles. The anterior and lateral neck muscles together comprise the prevertebral muscles of the neck, all lying deep to prevertebral layer of deep cervical fascia.
|Origin||Anterior surface of lateral mass and transverse process of atlas|
|Insertion||Inferior surface of basilar part of occipital bone|
|Action||Atlantooccipital joint: Head flexion|
|Innervation||Anterior rami of spinal nerves C1, C2|
|Blood supply||Vertebral artery, ascending pharyngeal artery|
This article will describe the anatomy and function of the rectus capitis anterior muscle.
Origin and insertion
Rectus capitis anterior muscle originates from the anterior surface of lateral mass of atlas (first cervical vertebra) and the root of its transverse process. It then extends superomedially and inserts to the inferior surface of basilar part of occipital bone.
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The muscle lies deep to the superior part of the longus capitis muscle. It belongs to anterior vertebral muscles, which together with lateral vertebral group comprise the prevertebral muscles. Being a part of the prevertebral neck muscles, the rectus capitis anterior lies immediately posterior to the retropharyngeal space. Lateral to the muscle are the subclavian artery, cervical and brachial plexuses.
This muscle is innervated by the anterior rami of spinal nerves C1 and C2. The anterior rami of these nerves are connected by a communicating branch, from which the nerves to rectus capitis anterior muscle stem.
The function of the rectus capitis anterior is to flex the head on the neck at the atlantooccipital joint and to stabilize the atlantooccipital joint.