Connection lost. Please refresh the page.
Get help How to study Login Register
Ready to learn?
Pick your favorite study tool

Schwann cells

Recommended video: Peripheral nerves [16:31]
Histological appearance of the peripheral nerves.

The Schwann cells, also known as neurolemmocytes, are a type of glial cells present exclusively in the peripheral nervous system. They develop from precursors in the neural crest and can be differentiated into two types of cells: 

  • Myelinating Schwann cells
  • Non-myelinating Schwann cells

The myelinating Schwann cells form a myelin sheath around a segment of the axon of a single nerve. This is different from the process of myelin formation in the central nervous system where oligodendrocytes can form myelin sheaths around more nerves. 

The nonmyelinating Schwann cells enfold several axons to form a Remak bundle (a group of C fiber axons).

In summary, the Schwann cells play an essential function in the development, maintenance, function, and regeneration of the nerves in the peripheral nervous system.

Terminology English: Schwann cell
English synonyms: Neurolemmocyte
Latin: Schwannocytus
Latin synonyms: Neurolemmocytus
Definition Myelin cell of the peripheral central system
Types Myelinating Schwann cells and nonmyelinating Schwann cells
Function Formation of the myelin sheath, development, maintenance, function and regeneration of peripheral nerves.

Learn more about the histology of the peripheral nerves with the following study unit: 

Schwann cells: want to learn more about it?

Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster.

What do you prefer to learn with?

“I would honestly say that Kenhub cut my study time in half.” – Read more.

Kim Bengochea Kim Bengochea, Regis University, Denver
© Unless stated otherwise, all content, including illustrations are exclusive property of Kenhub GmbH, and are protected by German and international copyright laws. All rights reserved.

Register now and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide!