Types of body movements: want to learn more about it?
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Types of body movements
After completing this study unit you will learn how to:
1. Name the terms used to describe the main types of movements found in the human body.
2. Describe the movements performed by the major joints of the human body.
Watch a video
Our musculoskeletal system functions to propel our bodies within space and allows us to interact with the world around us. These movements occur at our synovial joints, as a result of muscles acting on our skeleton. Specific terms are given to each movement to help clearly communicate the way in which a joint is moving. Watch the following video to learn about the various types of movements occurring in the human body.
Take a quiz
Now that you have watched our videos on body movement check your knowledge by taking the following quiz.
|Terminology of movements
||Flexion / extension
Lateral (external) rotation / internal (medial) rotation
Abduction / adduction
Pronation / supination
Elevation / depression
Protraction / retraction
Plantarflexion / dorsiflexion
Eversion / inversion
Opposition / reposition
|Movement at the major joints||
Shoulder; flexion extension, abduction, adduction, internal rotation, external rotation, circumduction
Elbow; flexion extension
Proximal radioulnar joint; pronation, supination
Wrist; flexion, extension, adduction and abduction
Hip; flexion extension, abduction, adduction, internal rotation, external rotation, circumduction
Knee; Flexion, extension (small degree of internal-external rotation when knee is flexed)
Ankle; dorsiflexion, plantarflexion
Subtalar joint; inversion, eversion
Spine; flexion, extension, rotation and lateral flexion, rotation (greatest at the atlantoaxial joint)
Mandible; elevation, depression, protraction, retraction
Scapula: protraction, retraction, elevation, depression, upward rotation, and downward rotation