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Synovial joints: want to learn more about it?

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Synovial joints

Learning objectives

This study unit will help you to:

1. Learn the 6 types of synovial joints.
2. Identify examples for each synovial joint type.
3. Learn the characteristic structure of a synovial joint.

Watch video

Synovial joints are the most common types of joints in the human body. They typically connect two bones (usually in the limbs) and they give the human body its mobility. There are 6 different types of synovial joints, each of which is named for its shape. In the following video we will examine the structure of the synovial joint, the 6 types of synovial joints along with some examples of each type.

Take a quiz

Now that you’ve watched the video, test what you have learned with our tailored synovial joints types quiz!

Take the next step to solidify your knowledge of the structure of the synovial joints:

Browse atlas

Examine each component of a synovial joint with our atlas gallery:

Summary

Key points about the synovial joints
Types Plane, ellipsoid, hinge, ball and socket, pivot, saddle
Examples Plane joint: Acromioclavicular joint, intercarpal joints
Ellipsoid joint: Radiocarpal joint, metacarpophalangeal joints
Hinge joint: Elbow joint, knee joint, ankle joint
Ball and socket joint: Hip joint, shoulder joint
Pivot joint: Median atlantoaxial joint, radioulnar joints
Saddle joint: Carpometacarpal joint of thumb
Main components of synovial joints Articular cartilage: Covers the ends of the articulating bones
Articular capsule: Composed of an outer fibrous layer and inner synovial membrane
Joint cavity: Filled with synovial fluid
Reinforcing ligaments: Support the articular capsule

Well done!

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Continue your learning

Now that you have mastered the anatomy of the synovial joints, dive deeper into the main joints of the body and types of movements that they can produce:

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