Main bones of the upper limb
After completing this study unit you will be able to:
- List the main groups of bones of the upper limb.
- Understand the anatomical relations of the bones of the upper limb with each other.
- Identify the main joints that the upper limb bones form with one another.
The bones of the upper limb can be divided into the following groups:
- Pectoral (shoulder) girdle and arm, consisting of the clavicle, scapula and humerus,
- Bones of the forearm, namely the radius and ulna,
- Bones of the hand, divided into the 8 carpal bones, 5 metacarpal bones and 14 phalanges.
This video tutorial will provide you with an overview of each of the bones of the upper limb.
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Examine the bones of the upper limb one by one in the following atlas galleries:
|Shoulder (pectoral) girdle and arm||Clavicle, scapula, humerus|
Carpal bones: scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate
Metacarpal bones 1-5
Phalanges: proximal (5), middle (4), distal (5)
|Main joints||Acromioclavicular, glenohumeral, elbow, wrist, carpal, carpometacarpal, metacarpophalangeal, interphalangeal joints|
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