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Main bones of the upper limb

Learning objectives

After completing this study unit you will be able to:

  1. List the main groups of bones of the upper limb.
  2. Understand the anatomical relations of the bones of the upper limb with each other.
  3. Identify the main joints that the upper limb bones form with one another.

Watch video

The bones of the upper limb can be divided into the following groups:

  • Pectoral (shoulder) girdle and arm, consisting of the clavicle, scapula and humerus,
  • Bones of the forearm, namely the radius and ulna,
  • Bones of the hand, divided into the 8 carpal bones, 5 metacarpal bones and 14 phalanges.

This video tutorial will provide you with an overview of each of the bones of the upper limb.

Take a quiz

Solidify your knowledge by taking our quiz on the bones of the upper limb.

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Browse atlas

Examine the bones of the upper limb one by one in the following atlas galleries:


Key facts about the bones of the upper limb
Shoulder (pectoral) girdle and arm Clavicle, scapula, humerus
Forearm Radius, ulna
Hand Carpal bones: scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate
Metacarpal bones 1-5

proximal (5), middle (4), distal (5)
Main joints Acromioclavicular, glenohumeral, elbow, wrist, carpal, carpometacarpal, metacarpophalangeal, interphalangeal joints

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