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Anterior cardiac veins: want to learn more about it?

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Anterior cardiac veins

Anterior cardiac veins (Venae anteriores cordis)

The anterior cardiac veins, also known as the anterior cardiac veins of right ventricle, are the small parallel veins found on the anterior surface of the right ventricle.

The function of the anterior cardiac veins is to drain the upper anterior portion of the myocardium of the right ventricle. These veins empty directly into the right atrium, unlike the majority of the cardiac veins that empty into the coronary sinus.

This article will discuss the anatomy and function of the anterior cardiac veins.

Key facts about the anterior cardiac veins
Drains to Right atrium of the heart
Drainage area Upper part of the anterior surface of the right ventricle

Contents
  1. Anatomy and course
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Anatomy and course

The 3-5 anterior cardiac veins emerge on the anterior surface of the right ventricle. They course horizontally across the surface of the ventricle, located deep to the epicardial layer of the heart. The anterior cardiac veins reach the atrioventricular groove, where they pass deep to the right coronary artery and empty directly into the right atrium.

Sometimes, the anterior cardiac veins may converge into a common vessel before entering the atrium. The function of the anterior cardiac veins is to drain the venous blood of the upper part of the anterior surface of the right ventricle.

Anterior cardiac veins: want to learn more about it?

Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster.

What do you prefer to learn with?

“I would honestly say that Kenhub cut my study time in half.” – Read more. Kim Bengochea Kim Bengochea, Regis University, Denver

Show references

References:

  • Moore, K. L., Dalley, A. F., & Agur, A. M. R. (2014). Clinically Oriented Anatomy (7th ed.). 
  • Netter, F. (2019). Atlas of Human Anatomy (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.
  • Standring, S. (2016). Gray's Anatomy (41tst ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.
  • Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., & Bergman, R. A. (2016). Bergman’s comprehensive encyclopedia of human anatomic variation. Hoboken: Wiley Blackwell.

Illustrations:

  • Anterior cardiac veins (Venae anteriores cordis) - Yousun Koh
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