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Hip and thigh - want to learn more about it?

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Atlas - Hip and thigh

Sciatic nerve
Iliofemoral ligament
Pubofemoral ligament
Piriformis muscle
Quadratus femoris muscle
Obturator externus muscle
Adductor longus muscle
Pectineal line of femur
Intertrochanteric crest
Gluteal tuberosity
Rectus femoris muscle
Sartorius muscle
Gracilis muscle
Semitendinosus muscle
Gluteus medius muscle
Gluteus minimus muscle
Anterior superior iliac spine
Pectineus muscle
Adductor magnus muscle
Sacrotuberous ligament
Thoracolumbar fascia
Adductor magnus muscle
Semimembranosus muscle
Biceps femoris muscle
Gluteus maximus muscle
Femoral nerve
Sacrospinous ligament
Ligament of head of femur
Lateral circumflex femoral artery
Medial circumflex femoral artery
Iliacus muscle
Femoral artery
Posterior superior iliac spine
Greater trochanter
Obturator internus muscle
Adductor brevis muscle
External iliac artery
Obturator nerve
Tensor fasciae latae muscle
Pubic bone
Iliopsoas muscle
Bodies of the vertebrae T12-L4
Costal process L1-L5
Superior pubic ramus
Superior gluteal nerve
Tuberosity of the ischium
Head of the femur
Inferior pubic ramus
External iliac vein
Iliotibial tract
Inferior gemellus muscle
Superior gemellus muscle
Supraacetabular sulcus
Anterior inferior iliac spine
Ischiofemoral ligament
Transverse acetabular ligament
Femoral vein
Body of the femur
Inferior gluteal nerve
Ramus of the ischium
Body of pubic bone
Pectineal line of pubic bone
Iliopubic eminence
Ischial spine
Pelvic surface of sacrum
Vastus medialis muscle
Pes anserinus
Sacral plexus
Quadriceps femoris muscle
Psoas major muscle
Psoas minor muscle
Obturator artery
Subtendinous bursa of the iliotibial tract

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Articles for further reading
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The muscles of the hip and thigh can be grouped into flexors, extensors, abductors, adductors, and internal and external rotator muscles.
Muscles that make up the flexor muscles are;
- the iliopsoas muscle, which is made up of two muscles namely the psoas major muscles and the iliacus muscle
- the sartorius muscle
- the rectus femoris muscle
- the gluteus medius muscle
- and the tensor fascia lata

In the extensor group of muscles are;
- the gluteus maximus, gluteus medius and gluteus minimus muscles.
- the two headed biceps femoris muscle
- and the semimembransus muscle

The muscles which make up the abductors are;
- the gluteus maximus, medius and minimus muscles.
- and the piriformis muscle

The muscles that act to adduct the thigh include;
- the adductor longus and adductor brevis muscles
- the adductor magnus muscle
- the pectineus muscle
- the gracilis muscle
- and the quadratus femoris muscle

The gluteus medius and minimus muscles act as internal rotators, while the obturator internus, obturator externus, superior gemellus, quadratus femoris and piriformis muscles act as external rotators of the hip joint.

The main artery of the thigh is the femoral artery which courses along with the femoral vein and is a continuation of the external iliac artery. The femoral nerve innervates the hip joint anteriorly, the anterior division of the obturator nerve innervates it inferiorly, the sciatic nerve supplies it laterally and it is supplied posteriorly by the superior gluteal nerve and the nerve that runs to quadratus femoris.

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