Connection lost. Please refresh the page.
Online
EN | DE | PT | ES Get help How to study Login Register

Arteries of the pancreas, duodenum and spleen: want to learn more about it?

Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster.

What do you prefer to learn with?

“I would honestly say that Kenhub cut my study time in half.” – Read more. Kim Bengochea Kim Bengochea, Regis University, Denver

Arteries of the pancreas, duodenum and spleen

Learning objectives

After going through this study unit, you will be able to:

  1. Describe the arterial supply of the pancreas, duodenum and spleen.
  2. Name the main arteries and their branches that supply these organs.
  3. Visualize the course of these arteries and their anatomical relations.

Watch videos

The pancreas, duodenum and spleen are supplied with oxygenated blood by arteries that stem from the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery, both of which originate from the abdominal aorta.

The supply of blood to the duodenum, as well as the head and uncinate process of the pancreas is mainly carried by the anterior and posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries (branches of the gastroduodenal artery) and the anterior and posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries (branches of the superior mesenteric artery), which form an arterial arcade. The neck, body and tail of the pancreas are supplied by numerous branches that stem mainly from the splenic artery.

The arterial supply of the spleen comes from the splenic artery, which is a direct branch of the celiac trunk.

The video tutorial will help you to understand the arterial supply of the pancreas, duodenum and spleen learning the key facts about the blood vessels involved.

Take a quiz

To solidify your knowledge and get ready for your exam, try out our quiz:

To focus on and resolve any weak spots, try out our fully customizable quiz which gives you full control on which terms and and topics you will get quizzed on:

Browse atlas

Browse our atlas gallery to look at each vascular structure in detail.

Summary

Key points about the arteries of the pancreas, duodenum and spleen
Pancreas Superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries: branches of gastroduodenal artery, form pancreaticoduodenal arcades which run anteriorly and posteriorly with inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries; supply head and neck of pancreas
Inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries:
branches of superior mesenteric artery, form pancreaticoduodenal arcades which run anteriorly and posteriorly with superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries; supply head and uncinate process of pancreas
Splenic artery:
direct branch of celiac trunk; supplies body and tail of pancreas (via dorsal and great pancreatic arteries and artery of tail of pancreas)
Duodenum Superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries: branches of gastroduodenal artery; form pancreaticoduodenal arcades with inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries, supply superior and descending part of duodenum
Inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries:
branches of the superior mesenteric artery, form pancreaticoduodenal arcades with superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries; supply horizontal and ascending part of duodenum
Supraduodenal and retroduodenal arteries:
branches of gastroduodenal artery (or common hepatic artery); mainly supplies superior/posterior part of duodenum
Spleen Splenic artery: direct branch of celiac trunk; divides into 2 or 3 splenic branches

Well done!

Related articles

Continue your learning

Dive deeper into this topic by learning more about the lymphatics of the pancreas, duodenum and spleen next and the arterial supply of their neighboring organs.

Register now and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide!