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Muscles of the hip and thigh: want to learn more about it?

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Muscles of the hip and thigh

Learning objectives

The muscles of the hip and thigh span between the bony pelvis and the femur, producing the movements at the hip joint. This comprehensive study unit will help you to:

1. Identify and name the muscle groups found in the hip and thigh region.
2. Learn about the attachments, innervation and functions of the muscle groups as well as of the individual muscles in each group.
3. Describe the appearance and relations of each muscle.

Watch videos

The muscles of the hip and thigh are divided into three major groups:

  • Gluteal muscles, which include the superficial and deep gluteal muscles
  • Inner hip muscles, also called the iliopsoas group
  • Thigh muscles, that are subdivided into the anterior, medial and posterior groups

Together, these groups comprise 27 muscles in total. Watch our video tutorial to learn and understand the anatomy and functions of all the muscles of the hip and thigh:

If you would like to focus on either of the muscle groups and the canal formed by some of the adductor muscles, have a look at the following video tutorials:

Take a quiz

Take our quiz, designed on the basis of spaced repetition, to solidify your knowledge and discover potential weak spots.

...or, if you like to make your own bed, try out our customizable quiz and select the specific topic which you want to be quizzed on.

Browse atlas

Atlas: Anterior view

Now that you’re familiar with the muscle groups of the hip and thigh, explore each muscle in detail with our atlas gallery.

Atlas: Posterior view


Muscles of the hip and thigh
Iliopsoas muscles Iliacus, psoas major ( + psoas minor)
Gluteal muscles Superficial group: gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, tensor fasciae latae
Deep group (lateral rotators of thigh): piriformis, obturator internus, superior gemellus, inferior gemellus, quadratus femoris (obturator externus in medial compartment of thigh)
Thigh muscles Anterior thigh muscles: sartorius, quadriceps femoris (rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis)
Medial thigh musclesobturator externus, pectineus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, adductor minimus, gracilis 
Posterior thigh muscles: biceps femoris, semimembranosus, semitendinosus

Well done!

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Continue your learning

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