The areola is a circular pigmented area on the skin of the breast that surrounds the nipple. It presents multiple small punctual elevations on its surface called areolar tubercles, which are produced by the many openings of the areolar glands.
Areolar glands mostly include sweat and sebaceous glands, as well as the modified mammary glands (of Montgomery), which produce antimicrobial secretions that protect the surface of areola.
Latin: Areola mammae
Learn more about the structure of the female breast in this study unit:
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