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Central sulcus

Recommended video: Lateral views of the brain [19:38]
Structures seen on the lateral view of the brain.

The central sulcus, also known as the sulcus of Rolando, is one of the largest sulci present in the brain. It is located between the frontal and parietal lobes. Apart from being the boundary between the two lobes, it demarcates the primary motor cortex (precentral gyrus) and primary somatosensory cortex (postcentral gyrus).

The central sulcus starts near the superomedial border of the hemisphere. It then descends forwards and ends above the posterior ramus of the lateral sulcus. The entire sulcus is shaped as a lengthened letter 'S'. 

The central sulcus hosts an artery and vein that are named after the sulcus, or the vein of central sulcus and artery of central sulcus.

Terminology English: Central sulcus
English synonym: Sulcus of Rolando
Latin: Sulcus centalis
Latin synonym: Sulcus Rolandi
Definition A large sulcus of the brain located between the frontal and parietal lobes
Contents Vein of central sulcus, artery of central sulcus

Learn more about the sulci and gyri of the brain with the following study units: 

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