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Recommended video: Directional terms and body planes [10:35]
Locating structures in your body is one of the main components of anatomy. Learn all terms used to describe location in the human body.

Inferior is a directional term used to describe a structure that is situated below relative to a specific reference point. It also refers to a structure that is directed downwards towards the toes.

Likewise, the prefix infra- indicates that a structure lies inferior to another, such as that the infraclavicular lymph nodes are found inferior to the clavicle.

The directional term opposite of inferior is superior. For example, the pelvis lies inferior to the abdomen, while the abdomen lies superior to the pelvis.

Terminology English: Inferior
: Inferior
: Caudal, infra-
Examples Inferior vena cava, inferior mesenteric artery

Now that you know what inferior means, continue learning about other directional terms in the following study unit:

Inferior: want to learn more about it?

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