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Recommended video: Directional terms and body planes [10:35]
Locating structures in your body is one of the main components of anatomy. Learn all terms used to describe location in the human body.

Superior is a directional term used to describe a structure that is situated above relative to a specific reference point, as well as to describe a structure that is directed upwards, towards the vertex of the head

Likewise, the prefix supra- indicates that a structure lies superior to another, such as the suprarenal glands that are found superior to the kidneys.

The directional term opposite of superior is inferior. For example, the heart lies superior to the stomach, while the stomach lies inferior to the heart.

Terminology English: Superior
Latin: Superior
Synonyms: Cranial, supra-
Examples Superior vena cava, Superior rectus muscle

Now that you know what superior means, learn about the rest of the directional terms and body planes in the following study unit:

Superior: want to learn more about it?

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