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Occipital sinus: want to learn more about it?

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Occipital sinus

The occipital sinus is the smallest of all dural venous sinuses. It lies in the base of the falx cerebelli on the inner side of the occipital bone.

The occipital sinus drains the blood from the marginal sinus, which is a venous vessel situated along the rim of the foramen magnum. It terminates at the level of the occipital protuberance where it contributes to the formation of the confluence of sinuses, together with the superior sagittal, transverse and straight sinuses.

Key facts about the occipital sinus
Drains from Marginal sinus, posterior internal vertebral venous plexus
Drains to Confluence of sinuses
Drainage area Vertebral column, spinal cord

This article will discuss the anatomy and function of the occipital sinus.

Contents
  1. Anatomy and course
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Anatomy and course

The occipital sinus originates at the level of the foramen magnum via several small veins arising from the marginal sinus and posterior internal vertebral venous plexus. It ascends along the posterior margin of the falx cerebelli, which attaches along the internal occipital crest of the occipital bone. The occipital sinus terminates at the level of the occipital protuberance by emptying into the confluence of sinuses.

Since it communicates with the posterior internal vertebral plexus, the occipital sinus receives a small amount of blood from the spine and the spinal cord. Thereby, the occipital sinus connects the extracranial with the intracranial venous systems and hence can be considered an emissary vein.

The most prominent function of the occipital sinus is to provide an alternative route for the venous drainage of the vertebral column when the venous return through the internal jugular vein is compromised. Also, in case of the absence of the transverse sinus, the occipital sinus becomes the main pathway for venous drainage of the brain.

Explore our videos, articles, quizzes and labeled diagrams to learn everything about the dural venous sinuses.

Occipital sinus: want to learn more about it?

Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster.

What do you prefer to learn with?

“I would honestly say that Kenhub cut my study time in half.” – Read more. Kim Bengochea Kim Bengochea, Regis University, Denver

Show references

References:

  • Blumenfeld, H. (2018) Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases. 2nd ed., Sinauer.
  • Mancall, Elliott L., et al. (2011) Gray's Clinical Neuroanatomy: the Anatomic Basis for Clinical Neuroscience. Elsevier Saunders.
  • Moore, K. L., Dalley, A. F., & Agur, A. M. R. (2014). Clinically Oriented Anatomy (7th ed.). 
  • Netter, F. (2019). Atlas of Human Anatomy (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.
  • Standring, S. (2016). Gray's Anatomy (41tst ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.
  • Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., & Bergman, R. A. (2016). Bergman’s comprehensive encyclopedia of human anatomic variation. Hoboken: Wiley Blackwell.

Illustrations:

  • Occipital sinus (Sinus occipitalis) - Paul Kim
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