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Submental Triangle - want to learn more about it?

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Submental Triangle

The submental triangle defines a sub-region of the anterior cervical region (anterior triangle of the neck). It is one of four smaller triangles within the anterior triangle of the neck. With those four smaller triangles, a more precise localization of structures within the anterior cervical region of the neck is achieved.

The other three triangles are the submandibular, carotid, and muscular. These three triangles are paired, because they are found on both sides of the midline, but the submental is unpaired and sits on the midline just inferior to the chin.

Recommended video: Neurovasculature and lymph nodes of the neck
Arteries, veins, nerves and lymph nodes of the neck.

Borders

Digastric muscle - ventral view

The submental triangle, also referred to as the suprahyoid triangle, is an unpaired suprahyoid area lying inferior to the chin. It is limited by the body of the hyoid bone inferiorly, laterally by the right and left anterior bellies of the digastric muscles.

These bellies of the digastrics muscle taper superiorly and forward towards the apex of the triangle. The apex of the submental triangle is at the mandibular symphysis, the site of union of the halves of the mandible during the early years of life. The hyoid bone forms the base of the triangle, while the roof is formed by the two mylohyoid muscles, which meet in a median fibrous raphe.

The submental triangle is not a clinically significant space. Its involvement with congenital lesions of the head and neck, or any form of inflammation, is relatively uncommon compared with the prevalence of such lesions in other cervical regions.

Contents

Although the submental triangle is a superficial region, it houses some important structures, such as:

  • the mylohyoid nerve
  • lymph glands
  • several small lymph nodes, called submental lymph nodes
  • some small veins which unite to form the anterior jugular vein.
  • submental branches of the facial artery
  • submental branches of the facial vein

Submental artery - ventral view

Highlights

  • The submental triangle is an unpaired sub-region of the anterior cervical region.
  • The apex is at the mandibular symphysis.
  • The base is represented by the hyoid bone.
  • The roof is formed by the two mylohyoid muscles.
  • The contents of the submental triangle include the mylohyoid nerve, lymphatics and branches of the facial artery and vein.

Submental Triangle - want to learn more about it?

Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster.

Sign up for your free Kenhub account today and join over 852,397 successful anatomy students.

“I would honestly say that Kenhub cut my study time in half.” – Read more. Kim Bengochea Kim Bengochea, Regis University, Denver

Show references

References:

  • R.M.H McMinn: Last's anatomy (Regional and Applied), 9th edition, Ana-Maria Dulea (2014), p. 439, 424, 428 - 429.
  • P.W Tank: Grant’s Dissector, 14th edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, (2009), p. 192 – 194.
  • S. Standring: Gray’s Anatomy – The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice, 40th edition, (2008), p. 406.
  • K.L. Moore and A.F Dalley: Clinically Oriented Anatomy, 5th edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (2006), p. 1054, 1064 - 1065.

Author, Review and Layout:

  • Benjamin Aghoghovwia
  • Ryan Sixtus
  • Catarina Chaves

Illustrators:

  • Digastric muscle - ventral view - Yousun Koh
  • Submental artery - ventral view -  Yousun Koh
© Unless stated otherwise, all content, including illustrations are exclusive property of Kenhub GmbH, and are protected by German and international copyright laws. All rights reserved.

Related Atlas Images

Neurovasculature and lymph nodes of the neck

Muscles of the anterior neck

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