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Regions of the body

Learning objectives

After completing this study unit you will be able to:

  1. Name the locations of the main anatomical regions of the body.
  2. Describe the major subdivisions or parts related to each of these regions.

Watch video

When advancing your anatomical knowledge using a regional approach, the human body can be studied under the umbrella of two primary regions. These are the axial region, which encompasses the head, neck and trunk, and the appendicular region which describes the upper and lower limbs.

Each of these regions can in turn be broadly divided into a number of smaller sub-regions or parts, most of which will already be familiar to you.

Learn what defines each of them in this short video tutorial.

Take a quiz

If you are going to study anatomy using a regional approach, it is essential that a strong foundation of regional terms is established from the start. Test your knowledge and identify the main regions of the body in this quiz.

Give the custom quiz a go to test your broader terminology knowledge.

Browse atlas

Take some time to once again review the major regional terms related to human anatomy, taking note of their position relative to other regions.


Key points about the regions of the body
Axial regions Head
Trunk (thorax, abdomen, pelvis, back)
Appendicular regions Upper limb (shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm, wrist, hand)
Lower limb (hip, gluteal region, thigh, leg, ankle, foot)

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