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Synovial joint: want to learn more about it?

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Synovial joint

Learning objectives

Synovial joints are articulations between two bones which are surrounded by a joint capsule that encloses a cavity filled with synovial fluid. This study will help you to:

  1. Name four major components of a synovial joint.
  2. Identify other accessory structures related to this classification of joint.

Browse atlas

You have seen all the structures of a synovial joint in relation to each other. Now study them individually with the atlas gallery.

Take a quiz

Now that you have identified all of the major components of a synovial joint, it’s time to test your knowledge in this quiz. Afterwards, why not try the custom quiz to test your broader terminology knowledge.


Key points
Main components of synovial joints - Articular cartilage (covers the ends of the articulating bones)
- Articular capsule (composed of an outer fibrous layer and inner synovial membrane)
- Joint cavity (filled with synovial fluid)
- Reinforcing ligaments (support the articular capsule)
Accessory structures - Bursa (fluid-filled sac which prevents friction)
- Tendon (attachment of muscle to bone)
- Fat pad (protects joint from direct impact)

Well done!

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Continue your learning

Now that you are familiar with the basic anatomy of a synovial joint, it is time to learn about the six main types related to this kind of articulation.

Register now and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide!