Synovial joint: want to learn more about it?
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Synovial joints are articulations between two bones which are surrounded by a joint capsule that encloses a cavity filled with synovial fluid. This study will help you to:
- Name four major components of a synovial joint.
- Identify other accessory structures related to this classification of joint.
You have seen all the structures of a synovial joint in relation to each other. Now study them individually with the atlas gallery.
Take a quiz
Now that you have identified all of the major components of a synovial joint, it’s time to test your knowledge in this quiz. Afterwards, why not try the custom quiz to test your broader terminology knowledge.
|Main components of synovial joints||- Articular cartilage (covers the ends of the articulating bones)
- Articular capsule (composed of an outer fibrous layer and inner synovial membrane)
- Joint cavity (filled with synovial fluid)
- Reinforcing ligaments (support the articular capsule)
|Accessory structures||- Bursa (fluid-filled sac which prevents friction)
- Tendon (attachment of muscle to bone)
- Fat pad (protects joint from direct impact)
Continue your learning
Now that you are familiar with the basic anatomy of a synovial joint, it is time to learn about the six main types related to this kind of articulation.