Neurovasculature of the abdominal wall
This study unit will help you to:
- Learn about the abdominal wall and its function.
- Identify the arteries, veins and nerves related to the abdominal wall.
- Distinguish the neurovascular structures of the anterolateral and posterior abdominal walls.
The abdominal wall is a multilayered structure that encloses the abdominal cavity. Its main functions are to protect the abdominal viscera, maintain its stability, as well as to assist in actions that involve the increase of intra-abdominal pressure (coughing, vomiting, defecation). It can be divided into two main sections: the anterolateral wall and posterior abdominal wall;
- The anterolateral abdominal wall consists of four main layers (from superficial to deep): skin, superficial fascia, muscles and associated fascia, and parietal peritoneum.
- The posterior abdominal wall is formed by the lumbar vertebrae, pelvic girdle, posterior abdominal muscles and their associated fascia. Major vessels, nerves and organs are located on the inner surface of the posterior abdominal wall.
This video tutorial will provide you with an overview of the neurovasculature of the abdominal wall.
Take a closer look at the nerves of the of the abdominal wall in the video below.
Take a quiz
Now that you have watched the videos about the neurovasculature of abdominal wall, test your knowledge by taking our quiz.
You can also create your own quiz with our custom quiz creator. On the link below you’ll find the presets for a quiz about all the structures of the abdominal wall, including the muscles, bones, ligaments and neurovasculature.
Now you can study each structure individually with our image galleries.
|Arteries||Internal thoracic artery and its branches (musculophrenic artery, superior epigastric artery), 10th and 11th posterior intercostal arteries, subcostal artery, inferior epigastric artery, deep circumflex iliac artery, superficial circumflex iliac artery, superficial epigastric artery|
|Veins||Superficial epigastric vein, superior epigastric vein, inferior epigastric vein, thoracoepigastric vein, subcostal vein|
|Nerves||Thoracoabdominal nerves, lateral cutaneous branches of intercostal nerves 7-11, subcostal nerve, iliohypogastric nerve, ilioinguinal nerve|
|Arteries||Abdominal aorta and its branches (subcostal artery, inferior phrenic artery, lumbar arteries, median sacral artery)|
|Veins||Inferior vena cava and its tributaries (inferior phrenic veins, lumbar veins, and common iliac veins)|
|Nerves||Aortic and periarterial nervous plexuses|