The epigastric region is one of the segments of the abdomen after it is divided with the 'nine region scheme', often used by clinicians or anatomists to localize patient symptoms or reference the position of abdominal viscera. With this method, the abdomen is divided into nine segments by intersecting two imaginary horizontal planes (subcostal and transtubercular planes) with two imaginary vertical planes (left and right midclavicular lines).
The epigastric region is the central, superior region within this scheme, being flanked on either side by the hypochondriac regions and is directly superior to the umbilical region. If is bounded laterally by the two midclavicular lines, inferiorly by the subcostal line and superiorly by the costal margins.
The contents of the epigastric region include (although not necessarily the entirety of): esophagus, stomach, liver, spleen, pancreas, right and left kidneys, right and left ureters, right and left suprarenal glands, small intestine, transverse colon.
English: Epigastric region
Latin: Regio epigastrica
|Central upper region of the abdomen
|Esophagus, stomach, liver, spleen, pancreas, right and left kidneys, right and left ureters, right and left suprarenal glands, small intestine, transverse colon
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