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Fibular/peroneal muscles of the leg: want to learn more about it?

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Fibular/peroneal muscles of the leg

Fibular/peroneal muscles

The fibular/peroneal muscles are the two muscles of the lateral (fibular, peroneal) compartment of the leg. These muscles are: fibularis longus and fibularis brevis.

Originating from the fibula and inserting on to the plantar surfaces of certain tarsal and metatarsal bones, these muscles play a role in the movements of the ankle joint and support of the foot. The functions of the fibular muscles are eversion and plantar flexion of the foot. Additionally, the fibularis longus muscle provides support to the arches of the foot. Both muscles are innervated by the superficial fibular nerve (L5, S1), and receive their blood supply from branches of the anterior tibial and fibular arteries.

This article will introduce you to the anatomy and function of the fibular muscles.

Key facts about the fibular/peroneal muscles
Definition and function Muscles of the lateral compartment of the leg that produce movements of the foot.
Muscles Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis
Innervation Superficial fibular nerve (L5, S1)
Blood supply Anterior tibial artery, fibular artery
Function Plantar flexion, and eversion of the foot.
(Fibularis longus: supports longitudinal and transverse arches of the foot)

Fibularis (peroneus) longus muscle

The fibularis longus muscle originates from the head and proximal two-thirds of the lateral surface of the shaft of the fibula, as well as the adjacent surface of the intermuscular septum. It descends in an almost vertical fashion, giving off a narrow tendon midway through the lateral compartment of the leg. Its tendon passes behind the lateral malleolus and reaches the plantar compartment of the foot. It then courses anteriorly along the lateral edge of the foot, to finally insert on the plantar side of the medial cuneiform and first metatarsal bone.

The fibularis longus muscle is innervated by the superficial fibular (peroneal) nerve (L5, S1), a branch of the common fibular nerve.

The function of the fibularis longus muscle is to plantar flex and evert the foot. It also provides support to both the longitudinal and transverse arches of the foot.

Start with the fibular muscles of the leg by exploring our videos, quizzes, labelled diagrams and articles.

Fibularis brevis muscle

The fibularis brevis muscle originates from the distal two-thirds of the lateral surface of the fibula, and from the adjacent intermuscular septum. It is located deep and anterior to the fibularis longus muscle. The muscle fibers descend towards the foot, giving off a tendon just proximal to the ankle. The tendon passes behind the lateral malleolus and inserts to the tuberosity of the fifth metatarsal bone.

The fibularis brevis muscle is innervated by the superficial fibular (peroneal) nerve (L5, S1), a branch of the common fibular nerve.

The function of the fibularis brevis muscle is eversion of the foot.

Fibularis brevis anatomy is waiting for you here.

Want to learn more about the muscles of the lower limb? Composed of handy tables and diagrams listing attachments, innervation and functions for every muscle, our lower limb muscle anatomy chart will cut your study time in half.

Mnemonics

In order to remember the muscles of the lateral compartment of the leg and their innervation, you can use the following mnemonic:

Fly Long Superficial Fly Boy

  • Fibularis longus
  • Superficial fibular nerve (innervation of both)
  • Fibularis brevis

Are you here rather to solidify and test your knowledge on the fibular muscles? Try out our quiz!

Fibular/peroneal muscles of the leg: want to learn more about it?

Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster.

What do you prefer to learn with?

“I would honestly say that Kenhub cut my study time in half.” – Read more. Kim Bengochea Kim Bengochea, Regis University, Denver

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