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Bipolar neuron

Recommended video: Neurons [11:24]
Neurons are the basic building blocks of the nervous system.

A bipolar neuron refers to a type of nerve cell that has two neuronal processes extending from opposite poles of the cell body: one dendrite and one axon. They represent one of four main morphological types of neurons within the nervous system, the others being multipolar, unipolar and pseudounipolar neurons.

These neurons are relatively uncommon in the body and primarily function as sensory neurons, confined mainly to specific sensory organs. For example, bipolar neurons are located in the retina of the eye, olfactory epithelium of the nose and the cochlear and vestibular ganglia of the ear.

Terminology English: Neuron bipolare

 Neuron bipolare
Definition Two neuronal processes extend directly from the cell body: one dendrite and one axon
Function Sensory neurons: senses of smell, sight and balance

Learn more about bipolar neurons in the following study units:

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