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Cardia of stomach

Recommended video: Stomach in situ [21:55]
Stomach in situ seen from an anterior view of the abdomen with the liver retracted.

The cardia is the superiormost part of the stomach and it surrounds the esophagogastric junction.

It receives the contents of the esophagus via the cardial orifice - which is the trumpet shaped superior opening of the stomach. The cardial orifice is found posterior to the 6th left costal cartilage, which lies 2-4 cm from the median plane at the level of vertebra T11.

The stomach can be divided into four regions: the cardia, the fundus, the body and the pyloric part. Food and liquids initially pass through the cardia of the stomach. 

The cardia contains the cardial glands.  These are tubular glands that are mainly composed of mucous-secreting cells and are sparsley interspersed between enteroendrocrine cells. The secretions from this glands contribute to the gastric juices that protect the esophageal epithelium from gastric reflux. 

Term English: Cardia 
Synonyms: Cardiac part, cardial part

Latin: Cardia 
Synonyms: Pars cardialis gastris, pars cardiaca gastris
Location Superior opening of the stomach

Learn more about the cardia of the stomach in this study unit and article: 

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