Motile cilia sway in a wave-like motion in order to generate fluid movement. These types of cilia are found on the surface of cells such as the epithelial cells of upper respiratory and reproductive tract.
Non-motile, or primary cilia do not have the ability to move, and mainly function as cellular antennas to regulate signaling pathways and maintain cell homeostasis. Examples of nonmotile cilia are found on the tubular epithelial cells of the kidney and photoreceptors of the retina.
English: Cilium (plural: Cilia)
Latin: Cilium (plural: Cilia)
|Types||Motile and non-motile cilia|
Motile: Epithelial cells of upper respiratory tract, uterine tube and inner ear
Non-motile: Epithelial cells of the kidney, photoreceptors of retina
Motile: Generate fluid movement; remove foreign particles from the epithelial surface
Non-motile: Cellular antennas that transport signals from the ECM to the intracellular space and maintain cell homeostasis
Continue learning about the structure of the eukaryotic cell in ste study unit below:
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