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Hinge joint

Synovial joints are the most common types of joints in the human body. The hinge joint is one of six types of synovial joints along with the plane, ellipsoid, ball and socket, pivot and saddle joints. 

The hinge joint is a uni-axial synovial joint that functions much like a hinge on a door. It allows bones to move in one plane with a limited movement along other planes. It typically connects two bones and includes a convex surface of one bone that articulates with a concave surface of the other bone. 

The hinge joints usually allow flexion and extension. Some examples of hinge joints are elbow, knee, fingers, toes, etc.

Terminology English: Hinge joint
Latin
: Ginglymus
Type Uniaxial synovial joint
Function Allows movement in a single plane (along a single transverse axis) with limited movement in other planes.

Learn everything about the synovial joints with the following study unit:

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