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Recommended video: Uterus [06:13]
Anatomy and function of the uterus.

Syncytiotrophoblasts are a continuous specialized layer of multinucleated epithelial cells which cover the entire surface of villous trees and chorionic villi (intervillous space of placenta).

They are formed by the fusion of trophoblastic cells (syncytium) and play an important role in the growth of the fetus throughout gestation.

Syncytiotrophoblasts function as a transporting epithelium in the placenta.

The apical surface of this specialized type of epithelium is perfused by maternal blood, whereas the basal membrane is in intimate contact with distinct fetal capillary networks. This allows the having the transplacental uptake and transfer of nutrients essential for fetus growth.

Terminology English: Syncytiotrophoblast
Definition Syncytiotrphoblasts are a specialized type of epithelial cells lining the intervillous space of the placenta.

Learn more about the placenta and its histological structure in the following study unit:

Syncytiotrophoblast: want to learn more about it?

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