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Think You Know the Bones of the Body? Quiz Yourself!

How many bones are in the human body? When asking this question of muscles, no one can quite agree on the answer. Luckily, bones are a little more reliable. Sturdy, if you like. There are a total of 206 bones in the body, ranging from teeny tiny (think the stapes) to very large indeed (think the femur, the largest bone in the body). 

How can you go about learning all 206 of them? We’re glad you asked. In this article, we’ll be sharing our favorite, tried and tested learning tools. We’ll also teach you some common ways to classify the human bones. Ready? Let’s jump in!

Test your knowledge of the main bones of the body with our unlabeled diagram (download below)

How to Learn the Human Bones

There are several ways to classify the bones in the body. Two of the most obvious are their shape (type) and location. Let’s take a look at these now.

Classify the Types of Bones in the Body

One way to learn all the bones in the human body is to categorize them by shape. There are five types of human bones:

  • Flat
  • Long
  • Short
  • Sesamoid
  • Irregular

You can read about them in detail on this comprehensive article about bones. Categorizing bones by their shape is a useful way to learn. Why? It helps to break down the vast amount of content into smaller, logical chunks that will help you to uniquely identify them.

Now that you know about the types of bones in the body, let’s look at another common way of classifying them - the axial and appendicular skeletons.

Axial Skeleton Quizzes

The axial skeleton forms the main frame of the body - the bones of the head and the trunk. In total, the bones of the axial skeleton include:

  • Skull bones (frontal, occipital, sphenoid, ethmoid, 2 parietal, 2 temporal)
  • Auditory ossicles (2 malleus, 2 incus, 2 stapes)
  • Facial bones (2 maxilla, 2 zygomatic, mandible, 2 nasal, 2 palatine, 2 inferior nasal concha, 2 lacrimal, vomer)
  • Hyoid bone
  • Vertebral column (7 cervical vertebrae, 12 thoracic vertebrae, 5 lumbar vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx) 
  • Thoracic cage (Sternum, 24 ribs)

Test yourself with our bone quizzes covering structures found on the axial skeleton:

Main bones of the head
Vertebral column and spinal nerves

Appendicular Skeleton Quizzes

The appendicular skeleton bones are essentially the appendages that hang, or “append”, from the axial skeleton. Parts of the appendicular skeleton include:

  • Pectoral girdles (2 clavicles, 2 scapulae)
  • Upper extremity (2 humerus, 2 radius, 2 ulnae, 16 carpals, 10 metacarpals, 28 phalanges)
  • Pelvic girdle (2 hip bones)
  • Lower extremity (2 femora, 2 fibulae, 2 tibiae, 2 patellae, 14 tarsals, 10 metatarsals, 28 phalanges)

Test yourself with our bone quizzes covering structures found in the appendicular skeleton:

Main bones of the upper extremity
Main bones of the lower extremity

Bone Labeling

Study this image showing the main bones of the body, then test your knowledge with our unlabeled diagram (download below)

Now that you know a little bit more about the types and locations of bones, why not test your memory with a bone labeling exercise? Above, you can see a labeled diagram showing the main bones of the body. Below, you can find an unlabeled diagram ready for you to fill in yourself. 

Download PDF Worksheet (blank) Download PDF Worksheet (labeled)

Bones of the Body Quizzes

Hopefully, you’re now feeling confident about the main bones of the body and indeed how many bones there are in the human body. So it’s time to take things to the next level. Yes - we’re talking about bone quizzes. These are the best way to identify any gaps in your knowledge to be revised later. 

Alternatively, you can use our bone quizzes to learn about the bones of the body from scratch. After answering a few questions, our clever algorithm will learn where your weak spots lie and give you more questions on those topics accordingly. Clever, huh? Check out some of our top picks below.

Skeletal system
Main bones of the head
Main bones of the trunk
Bones of the foot
Bones of the orbit
Bones of the wrist and hand

Love this approach to studying? Check out our full guide to learning with human anatomy diagrams and quizzes. 

Show references

Author: Molly Smith

Layout: Niels Hapke

© Unless stated otherwise, all content, including illustrations are exclusive property of Kenhub GmbH, and are protected by German and international copyright laws. All rights reserved.

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