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Abdomen & Pelvis

  1. Peritoneal cavity
    Peritoneal cavity
    The peritoneal cavity is a space between the parietal peritoneum and visceral peritoneum, which are the two membranes that separate the organs from the abdomi... More.
    1. Greater omentum
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      Overview of the greater omentum and neighbouring abdominal viscera.
    2. Mesentery
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      Overview of the mesentery on anterior view of abdomen with greater omentum reflected and small intestine removed.
    3. Omental bursa
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      Omental bursa in situ with stomach reflected.
    4. Retroperitoneum
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      Structures of the posterior wall of the peritoneal cavity.
  2. Stomach
    Stomach
    The stomach is an organ found in the upper abdomen and is part of the gastrointestinal tract. The main function of this organ is to produce digestive enzymes. More.
    1. Stomach in situ
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      Stomach in situ seen from an anterior view of the abdomen with the liver retracted.
    2. Musculature and mucosa of the stomach
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      Overview of the muscular layers and mucosa of the stomach.
    3. Stomach
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      [42 questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the stomach.
  3. Spleen
    Spleen
    The spleen is an organ found in the upper left part of the abdomen. Its main functions include filtering your blood, creating new blood cells and store platel... More.
    1. Spleen
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      Overview of the main structures of the spleen.
  4. Liver
    Liver
    The liver is a large essential organ found in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen. It is a multifunctional unit that performs such duties as detoxification. More.
    1. Liver in situ
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      Liver in situ seen from an anterior view of the abdomen with liver retracted.
    2. Anterior view of the liver
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      Structures seen on the anterior view of the isolated liver.
    3. Inferior view of the liver
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      Structures seen on the inferior view of the isolated liver.
    4. Posterior view of the liver
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      Structures seen on the posterior view of the isolated liver.
    5. Gallbladder
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      Gallbladder and neighbouring structures.
    6. Liver
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      [100 questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the liver.
  5. Pancreas
    Pancreas
    The pancreas is an accessory organ of the GI tract whose function is to release various substances that help regulate the blood sugar levels as well as digest... More.
    1. Pancreas in situ
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      Pancreas in situ seen from the anterior view.
    2. Pancreas
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      [26 questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the pancreas.
  6. Small intestine
    Small intestine
    The small intestine is the part of the GI tract located between the stomach and large intestine. This structure is divided into 3 parts: duodenum, jejunum and... More.
    1. Duodenum
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      Structure of the duodenum, including the mucosa and muscular layers.
    2. Arteries of the small intestine
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      Arteries of the small intestine with focus on the superior mesenteric artery.
    3. Veins of the small intestine
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      Veins that drain the small intestine.
    4. Innervation of the small intestine
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      Nerves of the small intestine seen from an anterior view of the abdomen.
    5. Lymph nodes of the small intestine
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      Lymph nodes and vessels of the small intestine and neighbouring structures.
  7. Large intestine
    Large intestine
    The large intestine is the last part of the GI tract. This organ functions to absorb water from fecal matter and help the body get rid of the remaining waste ... More.
    1. Large intestine
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      Structure of the large intestine, including the mucosa and musculature.
    2. Rectum and anal canal
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      Structures of the rectum and anal canal seen on a coronal section, anterior view of the female pelvis.
    3. Arteries of the large intestine
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      Arteries of the large intestine seen from an anterior view, with the jejunum and ileum removed, and transverse colon reflected.
    4. Blood vessels of the rectum
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      Arteries and veins of the rectum.
    5. Colon
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      [149 questions] - Clinical anatomy, topography, functions and more details related to the large intestine.
  8. Kidneys
    Kidneys
    The kidneys are a pair of organs shaped like beans and located in the back of the abdomen. The main function of those organs is to filter your blood. More.
    1. Kidneys in situ
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      Kidneys in situ seen from the anterior view.
    2. Kidney structure
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      Overview of the structure of the kidney seen from the anterior view of the right kidney.
    3. Renal cortex
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      Renal cortex and related structures.
    4. Renal arteries
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      Arteries of the kidneys seen on the anterior view of the right kidney.
  9. Ureter
    Ureter
    The ureters are tubes made of smooth muscle fibers that take urine from the kidneys found in the abdomen all the way to the urinary bladder, which is in your ... More.
    1. Ureters in situ
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      Abdominal and pelvic parts of the ureters and related structures.
  10. Pelvis
    Pelvis
    The pelvis is the lower part of the abdomen and houses the reproductive organs and the end of the digestive tract. All surrounded by pelvic bones and muscles. More.
    1. Muscles of the pelvic floor
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      Overview of the muscles that form the pelvic floor.
    2. Superior view of the female pelvis
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      Ligaments, vessels and organs of the female pelvis as seen from a superior view
    3. Female pelvic viscera and perineum
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      Contents of the female pelvis, including viscera and perineum.
    4. Male pelvic viscera and perineum
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      Contents of the male pelvis, including viscera and perineum.
    5. Blood supply of female pelvis
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      Arteries and veins of the female pelvis.
    6. Blood supply of male pelvis
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      Arteries and veins of the male pelvis.
    7. Nerves of the female pelvis
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      Innervation of the female pelvis.
    8. Nerves of male pelvis
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      Innervation of the male pelvis.
    9. Neurovasculature of the female perineum
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      Arteries, veins and nerves of the female perineum.
  11. Urinary bladder
    Urinary bladder
    The urinary bladder is a hollow muscular organ responsible for collecting urine coming from the kidneys through the ureters and excreting it via the urethra. More.
    1. Female urinary bladder
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      Anterior view of coronal section of the female bladder in the pelvis and pelvic floor.
    2. Male urinary bladder
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      Anterior view of coronal section of the male bladder in the pelvis and pelvic floor.
  12. Female reproductive organs
    Female reproductive organs
    The female reproductive system is comprised of organs specialized in functions including gamete production and nurturing a fertilized egg as it develops into ... More.
    1. Uterus and ovaries
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      Structures of the uterus and ovaries seen with uterus straightened.
    2. Uterus and vagina
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      Structure of the uterus and vagina seen on an anterior coronal section.
  13. Male reproductive organs
    Male reproductive organs
    The male reproductive system is comprised of organs specialized in many functions which include producing, maintaining and transporting sperm and protective f... More.
    1. Structure of the penis
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      Structure of the penis seen from inferior view.
    2. Urethra and penis
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      Structure of the penis and urethra seen on a longitudinal section.
  14. Blood vessels of abdomen & pelvis
    Blood vessels of abdomen & pelvis
    The abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava are the main blood vessels responsible for supplying the abdomen and pelvis, through their many branches and tribut... More.
    1. Arteries of stomach, liver and spleen
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      Arteries which supply the stomach, liver and spleen.
    2. Arteries of pancreas, duodenum and spleen
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    3. Hepatic portal vein
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      Hepatic portal vein, and veins of the stomach, duodenum, pancreas and spleen - including some of the neighbouring arteries.
  15. Lymphatics of abdomen and pelvis
    Lymphatics of abdomen and pelvis
    There are many lymph nodes, vessels and organs responsible for lymph circulation in this area of the body, not to mention their important role in the immune r... More.
    1. Lymphatics of posterior abdominal wall
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      Lymph nodes and vessels of the posterior abdominal wall.
    2. Lymphatics of stomach and liver
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      Lymph nodes and vessels of the stomach and liver.
    3. Lymphatics of pancreas, duodenum and spleen
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      Lymph nodes and vessels of the pancreas, spleen and duodenum.
    4. Lymphatics of urinary organs
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      Lymph nodes and vessels of the kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra.
    5. Lymphatics of male genitalia
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      Lymph node and vessels of the male genitalia.
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